National Partnership for Women & Families

Current Sick Days Laws

Paid sick days standards are emerging across the country. View a chart summarizing the key points in existing laws here.

Here’s a quick overview (as of April 12, 2016):

  • At present, many government employees have access to paid sick days. All states provide paid sick days to at least some state employees, and the federal government provides 13 paid sick days a year to its nearly 2.5 million full-time employees that can be used for self- or family-care.
  • Additionally, nine states — California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington and Wisconsin — and the District of Columbia allow at least some workers who already have paid sick days to use them to care for certain family members. Some of these laws provide this right only to workers with seriously ill family members, while others permit flexible use of sick leave for family members with routine illnesses.
  • Connecticut, California, Massachusetts and Oregon are the only states in the nation with statewide paid sick days laws in effect that allow a significant share of workers in the state to earn paid sick days to recover from illness, seek medical care, or care for a sick family member. These laws also include paid "safe" days that provide earned leave that allows survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault (all except Massachusetts), stalking (California and Oregon only) or harassment (Oregon only) to seek services related to these incidents.
  • The cities of San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Seattle, Portland (Ore.), New York City, Oakland (Calif.), Tacoma (Wash.), Philadelphia, Emeryville (Calif.) and the New Jersey cities of Newark, Jersey City, Irvington, Passaic, East Orange, Paterson, Trenton, Montclair, Bloomfield and New Brunswick have laws that allow workers to earn paid sick days to recover from a short-term illness, care for a sick family member or seek routine medical care. The Washington, D.C., Seattle, Portland, New Brunswick, Tacoma, Philadelphia and Emeryville laws also include paid "safe" days that provide earned leave that allows survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault (all but Tacoma), harassment (Portland only) and stalking (all but Tacoma) to seek services related to these incidents.
  • San Diego (Calif.) also adopted a paid sick days law but it was challenged by opponents; its fate will be decided by voters in 2016. Eugene's law was preempted by the passage of Oregon's statewide law. Pittsburgh's law was ruled invalid by a county court judge; its implementation is on hold pending appeal and rulings from higher state courts.
  • In 2015, Elizabeth (N.J.) and Montgomery County (Md.) passed paid sick and safe days laws that will take effect in 2016. In 2016, Spokane (Wash.), Vermont, Plainfield (N.J.) and Santa Monica (Calif.) passed sick and safe days laws. Spokane's law will take effect in 2017. Vermont's law will take effect in 2017 for large businesses and 2018 for small businesses. Plainfield's law will take effect in 2016. Santa Monica's ordinance is under review by a city working group, but it is currently scheduled to take effect in 2016.

 

Bills

Working Parents Act

Minnesota | Sponsor: Pappas (D)/Thissen (D) | Latest Action: Introduced in Senate and referred to Committee on Jobs, Agriculture and Rural Development 02/23/15

The Paid Sick Leave Act

Michigan | Sponsor: Ananich (D) | Latest Action: Introduced and referred to House Committee on Commerce 05/15/12

The Earned Sick Time Act

Illinois | Sponsor: Berrios (D)/Muñoz (D) | Latest Action: Senate Bill referred to Committee on Labor and Commerce 02/11/14

The Earned Paid Sick Leave Act

South Carolina | Sponsor: Kimpson (D) | Latest Action: Bill introduced and referred to Committee on Labor, Commerce & Industry 01/14/14

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Patterson (D) | Latest Action: Died upon adjournment 04/20/11

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Larkin (D) | Latest Action: Referred to Committees on Commerce, Government and Rules 02/13/13

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Tovar (D) | Latest Action: Introduced and referred to Committees on Commerce, Employment & Regulatory Affairs and Rules 01/17/12

Sick and Safe Leave

Washington | Sponsor: Jinkins (D)/Harper (D) | Latest Action: Passed House 01/29/14

Paid Sick Time

Georgia | Sponsor: Alexander (D), Bruce (D), Carter (D), Wilkerson (D), Hugley (D), Abrams (D) | Latest Action: Second Reading in House 01/26/16

Paid Sick Leave Requirement

New York | Sponsor: Parker (D) | Latest Action: Re-referred to Committee on Labor 01/04/12

Paid Sick Leave Act

New York | Sponsor: Camara (D)/Parker (D) | Latest Action: House bill introduced and referred to Committee on Labor 01/29/13

Paid Sick Days Technical Amendment

California | Sponsor: Gonzalez (D) | Latest Action: Passed full Senate, 39-0-1 vote; signed by Governor 07/13/15

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

Oregon | Sponsor: Evans (D) | Latest Action: In committee upon adjournment 07/06/15

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

Oregon | Sponsor: Girod (R), Winters (R) | Latest Action: In committee upon adjournment 07/06/15

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

| Sponsor: Kory (D) | Latest Action: Subcommittee recommended continuing to 2017 02/04/16

Paid Sick Days Expansion

California | Sponsor: Gonzalez (D) | Latest Action: Died pursuant to state constitution 01/31/16

Paid Sick Days Expansion

Connecticut | Sponsor: Joint Committee on Labor & Public Employees | Latest Action: Hearing (scheduled) 03/05/15

Paid Sick Days Clarification

District of Columbia | Sponsor: Mendelson (D) | Latest Action: Signed by Mayor 02/18/16

Paid Sick Days Ballot Initiative

Massachusetts | Latest Action: Approved by voters 11/04/14

Paid Sick Days

California | Sponsor: Ma (D) | Latest Action: Died in Assembly 02/01/12

Paid Sick Days

New Jersey | Sponsor: Lampitt (D)/Weinberg (D) | Latest Action: Senate version received in Assembly, referred to Committee on Human Services 12/21/15

Paid Sick Days

Oregon | Sponsor: Dembrow (D)/Keny-Guyer (D) | Latest Action: Public hearing in House Committee on Rules 06/05/13

Paid Sick Days

North Carolina | Sponsor: Adams (D) | Latest Action: Referred to Joint Committee on Commerce & Job Development 02/14/13

Paid Sick Days

Vermont | Sponsor: Krowinski (D) | Latest Action: Passed House Committee on General, Housing & Military Affairs 02/11/14

Paid Sick Days

Oregon | Sponsor: Vega Pederson (D), Hoyle (D)/Rosenbaum (D), Steiner Hayward (D) | Latest Action: Signed by Governor 06/22/15

Paid Sick Days

Alaska | Sponsor: Tarr (D) | Latest Action: Bill introduced and referred to Committee on Labor & Commerce 01/21/14

Paid Sick Days

Illinois | Sponsor: Mitchell (D) | Latest Action: Fiscal note filed 04/28/16

Paid Sick Days

New York | Sponsor: Parker (D)/Richardson (D) | Latest Action: Re-referred to Senate Labor Committee 01/06/16

Paid Sick Days

Illinois | Sponsor: Cassidy (D) | Latest Action: Re-referred to Rules Committee 03/27/15

Statutes

Earned Sick and Safe Leave Amendment Act

District of Columbia | Latest Action: Signed by Mayor 01/02/14

Paid Sick Days

Connecticut

Paid Sick Days

California

Paid Sick Days

Massachusetts | Sponsor: Ballot Initiative

Paid Sick Leave

District of Columbia