National Partnership for Women & Families

Current Sick Days Laws

Paid sick days laws are or will soon be in place in eight states, the District of Columbia and 31 other jurisdictions. More than 33 million private sector workers are legally protected by these laws. View a chart summarizing key aspects of existing laws here. Paid sick days standards are emerging across the country. View a chart summarizing the key points in existing laws here.

Here’s a quick overview (as of October 4, 2016):

  • At present, most government employees have access to paid sick days. All states provide paid sick days to at least some state employees, and the federal government provides 13 paid sick days a year to its nearly 2.5 million full-time employees that can be used for self- or family-care. As of January 2017, companies that do business with the federal government must allow workers who work on federal contracts to earn up to seven paid sick days.
  • Additionally, 11 states — California, Connecticut, Georgia, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington and Wisconsin — and the District of Columbia allow at least some workers who already have paid sick days to use them to care for certain family members. Some of these laws provide this right only to workers with seriously ill family members, while others permit flexible use of sick leave for family members with routine illnesses.
  • Arizona, Connecticut, California, Massachusetts, Oregon and Vermont are the only states in the nation with statewide paid sick days laws in effect that allow a significant share of workers in the state to earn paid sick days to recover from illness, seek medical care, or care for a sick family member. These laws also include paid "safe" days that provide earned leave that allows survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault (all except Massachusetts), stalking (all except Connecticut and Massachusetts) or harassment (Oregon only) to seek services related to these incidents.
  • The following cities and counties have laws in effect that allow workers to earn paid sick days to recover from a short-term illness, care for a sick family member or seek routine medical care: San Francisco, Oakland, Emeryville, Los Angeles, Berkeley and San Diego (Calif.); Washington, D.C.; New York City; Seattle, Tacoma and Spokane (Wash.); Philadelphia (Pa.); Montgomery County (Md.); Chicago and Cook County (Ill.); St. Paul and Minneapolis (Minn.); and Newark, Jersey City, Irvington, Passaic, East Orange, Paterson, Trenton, Montclair, Bloomfield, New Brunswick, Elizabeth, Plainfield and Morristown (N.J.).
  • The cities and counties with paid sick days laws that include paid "safe" days, which provide time for survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking to seek services related to these incidents, include: San Francisco, Emeryville, San Diego, Los Angeles, Berkeley and Santa Monica (Calif.); Washington, D.C.; Seattle, Tacoma and Spokane (Wash.); Philadelphia (Pa.); Montgomery County (Md.); Chicago and Cook County (Ill).; Minneapolis and St. Paul (Minn.); and New Brunswick (N.J.).
  • The paid sick days laws in Eugene and Portland were preempted by the passage of Oregon's statewide law. Pittsburgh's law was ruled invalid by a county court judge; its implementation is on hold indefinitely pending appeal and a ruling from the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
  • Washington state and Rhode Island’s paid sick days laws — passed in 2016 and 2017, respectively — will take effect in 2018.

 

Bills

Working Parents Act

Minnesota | Sponsor: Pappas (D)/Thissen (D) | Latest Action: Introduced in Senate and referred to Committee on Jobs, Agriculture and Rural Development 02/23/15

The Paid Sick Leave Act

Michigan | Sponsor: Ananich (D) | Latest Action: Introduced and referred to House Committee on Commerce 05/15/12

The Earned Sick Time Act

Illinois | Sponsor: Berrios (D)/Muñoz (D) | Latest Action: Senate Bill referred to Committee on Labor and Commerce 02/11/14

The Earned Paid Sick Leave Act

South Carolina | Sponsor: Kimpson (D) | Latest Action: Bill introduced and referred to Committee on Labor, Commerce & Industry 01/14/14

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Larkin (D) | Latest Action: Referred to Committees on Commerce, Government and Rules 02/13/13

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Patterson (D) | Latest Action: Died upon adjournment 04/20/11

Sick and Safe Time

Arizona | Sponsor: Tovar (D) | Latest Action: Introduced and referred to Committees on Commerce, Employment & Regulatory Affairs and Rules 01/17/12

Sick and Safe Leave

Washington | Sponsor: Jinkins (D)/Harper (D) | Latest Action: Passed House 01/29/14

Paid Sick Time

New York | Sponsor: Parker (D) | Latest Action: Introduced in Senate and referred to Labor Committee 01/17/17

Paid Sick Time

Hawaii | Sponsor: Takumi (D)/K. Rhoads (D), S. Chang (D), Keith-Agaran (D) | Latest Action: House Committee hearing (scheduled) 02/14/17

Paid Sick Time

Georgia | Sponsor: Alexander (D), Bruce (D), Carter (D), Wilkerson (D), Hugley (D), Abrams (D) | Latest Action: Second Reading in House 01/26/16

Paid Sick Leave Requirement

New York | Sponsor: Parker (D) | Latest Action: Re-referred to Committee on Labor 01/04/12

Paid Sick Leave Act

New York | Sponsor: Camara (D)/Parker (D) | Latest Action: House bill introduced and referred to Committee on Labor 01/29/13

Paid Sick Days Technical Amendment

California | Sponsor: Gonzalez (D) | Latest Action: Passed full Senate, 39-0-1 vote; signed by Governor 07/13/15

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

Oregon | Sponsor: Evans (D) | Latest Action: In committee upon adjournment 07/06/15

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

| Sponsor: Kory (D) | Latest Action: Subcommittee recommended continuing to 2017 02/04/16

Paid Sick Days Tax Credit

Oregon | Sponsor: Girod (R), Winters (R) | Latest Action: In committee upon adjournment 07/06/15

Paid Sick Days Expansion - School Tutors

Connecticut | Sponsor: Morin (D) | Latest Action: Committee hearing (scheduled) 02/16/17

Paid Sick Days Expansion - Emergency Dispatchers & Operators

Connecticut | Sponsor: Scanlon (D) | Latest Action: Committee hearing held 01/31/17

Paid Sick Days Expansion

California | Sponsor: Gonzalez (D) | Latest Action: Died pursuant to state constitution 01/31/16

Paid Sick Days Expansion

Connecticut | Sponsor: Senate Labor & Public Employees Committee

Paid Sick Days Expansion

Connecticut | Sponsor: Joint Committee on Labor & Public Employees | Latest Action: Hearing (scheduled) 03/05/15

Paid Sick Days Clarification

District of Columbia | Sponsor: Mendelson (D) | Latest Action: Signed by Mayor 02/18/16

Paid Sick Days Ballot Initiative

Massachusetts | Latest Action: Approved by voters 11/04/14

Paid Sick Days & Paid Leave Tax Credit

Oregon | Sponsor: Ferrioli (R) | Latest Action: Referred to Committees on Workforce, Tax Credits 01/17/17

Paid Sick Days

Massachusetts | Sponsor: Khan (D)/Jehlen (D) | Latest Action: Passed Joint Committee on Labor & Workforce Development 03/15/12

Paid Sick Days

Michigan | Sponsor: Hobbs (D) | Latest Action: Bill introduced and referred to the Committee on Commerce 05/08/13

Paid Sick Days

Wisconsin | Sponsor: Harris Dodd (D), C. Larson (D), Lassa (D), Miller (D), Risser (D), L. Taylor (D), Wirch (D)/Mason (D), Sargent (D), Barnes (D), Berceau (D), Bowen (D), Brostoff (D), Considine (D), Genrich (D), Goyke (D), Hebl (D), Hesselbein (D), Johnson (D), Jorgensen (D), Kessler (D), Ohnstad (D), Riemer (D), Shankland (D), Sinicki (D), Subeck (D), C. Taylor (D), Young (D), Zamarripa (D) | Latest Action: Failed to pass pursuant to Senate Joint Resolution 1 04/13/16

Paid Sick Days

Indiana | Sponsor: Lawson (D) | Latest Action: Introduced in House and referred to Committee on Employment, Labor and Pensions 01/12/16

Statutes

Earned Sick and Safe Leave Amendment Act

District of Columbia | Latest Action: Signed by Mayor 01/02/14

Paid Sick Days

Connecticut

Paid Sick Days

California

Paid Sick Days

Massachusetts | Sponsor: Ballot Initiative

Paid Sick Leave

District of Columbia